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Italian Regions and local Authorities in the Palestinian territories

Decentralized Cooperation means a series of activities that are part of the development cooperation sector, but are managed by local territorial authorities (regions, provinces, municipalities and their aggregations).
 
Among the forms of assistance:

  1. International Cooperation activities: that include both regional initiative programs and support projects in the territory programs. (NGO’s, associations and local authorities);
  2. Humanitarian and Emergency Aid;
  3. Development of educationawarenesstraining and information initiatives in regards to themes of peace realized in the territory.

Some of the interventions of cooperation are agreed on by the Ministry and the Regions. Generally, the decentralized cooperation intervenes with institutional actions such as capacity building, training, awareness, good government, territorial systems and promoting local development.
 
The Cooperation Office maintains constant relations with all the authorities that have specific projects in the Palestinian territories.
 
Italian local administrations support human society through a dense network of relationships (also referred to as (“people to people cooperation”). They maintain solid partnership relations with municipalities and other Palestinian administrations and strengthen not only institutional but also cultural and human ties.
 
Thanks to local collaboration, the decentralized cooperation’s specific way of operating with the human society, minor authorities and the local communities is preserved and valued.
 

Palestinian International Arbitration Chamber Project (PIAC)

The establishment of the Palestinian Arbitration Chamber is necessary for the Palestinian Authority to pave the way for a stable judiciary system, with special 
regards to civil rights. Through training activities for arbiters and lawyers, the Arbitration Chamber addresses the priorities of the reform process; its role, besides the one internationally recognized, is to support the Civil Justice Administration till the moment of the formation of the State and the establishment of the Judiciary System. 
 
"Regione Umbria" – Umbria Region – is responsible for the implementation of the program; the University of Perugia, Faculty of law, is the Italian partner; the 
Presidency of the Palestinian National Authority is the local counterpart.
 
The project avails itself of the collaboration of different professional associations, such as the bar association, the engineers and architects association, in order to ensure good governance, through the engagement and support of the local authorities. 
 

The relevant activities include the production of drafts and definitive texts concerning establishing rules, statute and trial regulations of the PAC. 
Following the enactment of the Presidential decree that establishes the PAC, its  founder associates will meet together in order to endow the new institution with 
government bodies and management tools. 
 
Furthermore, professional training courses will be held for a limited number of arbiters and lawyers that are selected through job advertisement, in order to address set priorities for the reform process. 
 
Additional activities include the selection of the administrative and managerial staff of the PIAC. 
 
The Palestinian Arbitration Chamber is the first one to be established in the Palestinian Territories and it aims at providing local operators with effective means 
for the resolution of commercial disputes. 
 

Palestinian Municipalities Support Program 
 

The Program known as Palestinian Municipalities Support Program(PMSP) has been promoted in 2004 by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE), Directorate of the Mediterranean and Middle East (DGMM), in collaboration with Italian Local Authorities which participate actively in its realization, with a total amount equivalent to 25 million Euro.
 
The pool between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Italian Local Authorities is known as “Table 4+1” (T 4+1) and it is composed by the  Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the representatives of the Italian Local Authorities ( ANCI - UPI - Regional Councils and Regional Governments).
In the Palestinian Territories, the PMSP Program is coordinated by the Consulate General of Italy in Jerusalem together with the Ministry of Local Government